Happy Epiphany in the name of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ.
Of the many miracles that Jesus performed during His public ministry, John chose only seven for inclusion in his gospel. The change from water to wine is the first. Therefore, this episode is a very important manifestation of the divinity of Jesus, or epiphany.
The town of Cana of Galilee (called today Khirbet Kana) is located 15 kilometers north of Nazareth. Cana was the hometown of Nathanael, also known as Bartholomew, to whom three days before Jesus had promised that he would see heaven opened. In fact, according to the Gospel according to Saint John, three days before Jesus also called as His disciples Simon Peter, Andrew, Philip and an unnamed disciple of John the Baptist. Jesus and these disciples were invited to a wedding in Cana because of Mary, the mother of Jesus.
The phrase "on the third day" evokes the phrase in the creed, "on the third day He rose from the dead." The wine that Jesus produces is an omen of the blood that the Lamb of God will shed for the remission of our sins, which we receive with, in, and under the wine in the Lord's Supper. The comparison of communion with God in his kingdom with a banquet or a wedding feast is very common in the Old Testament and in the Gospel according to St. Matthew, our Lord himself compares the kingdom of God to a wedding feast.
Therefore, the presence of Jesus and His disciples at these weddings in Cana is a messianic sign, that is, Jesus is the bridegroom who performs God's wedding with his people as promised in the Old Testament. However, Jesus' response to his mother indicates that the miracle at Cana was not the fulfillment of the new covenant in his blood. "What have I got with you, woman? My time has not yet come." Jesus also called his mother, "woman" in one of the seven words of the cross, when he gave her to the Apostle John, "Woman, behold your son" (John 19: 26-27). The hour of which Jesus speaks It is the hour determined by the Father, the hour of her death and glorification.For the first time, he speaks to her as her Lord, not as her Son.
But, by his merciful and miraculous deed, our Lord demonstrated that the new creation does not deny the first creation, but sanctifies and renews it. Marriage is a divine institution and it pleases the Lord; it is entirely in accordance with his design and will that people enter this holy state in an appropriate manner and with a full understanding of their rights and privileges, as well as their duties. Marriage should be valued by all, and our hearts should rejoice in the certainty of this state that God appreciates, and suffer with joy all that is difficult to bear in it, even if it is ten times more difficult to bear.
Because of his destiny to die on the cross for us and to be exalted as the Bridegroom of the church, Jesus did not marry. Saint Paul says in our epistle (Ephesians 5: 22-33), ôSo, as the church is subject to Christ, so are married women to their husbands in everything. Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ loved the church, and he gave himself up for her. " Christ's relationship with his church sanctifies the relationship between husband and wife. But, although Jesus called the apostles to leave their boats and nets, he did not command them to reject his wives. We read in Matthew 8:14 and 1 Corinthians 9: 5 of the wife of Saint Peter, who were traveling with him.
"And when the majordomo tasted the water made into wine, and did not know where it was from (but the servants who had drawn the water knew), the majordomo called the husband, and said: Every man serves good wine first, and when they have already drunk a lot, then the one that is inferior, but you have kept the good wine until now. "
The world, our flesh, and Satan offer first what appears to be good wine, but then comes the wine of bitterness and death. Example, marital infidelity seems sweet, but then comes bitterness, quarrels, divorces, abandoned children, loneliness and sometimes AIDS. Jesus Christ, on the other hand, serves first the bitter wine of the law and then the best wine of the gospel. First the narrow way and then eternal life. In this promise we have hope, joy and the peace that passes all understanding. Amen.
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